Precipitating Factors of DKA

Mnemonic: “8 I’s”

  • Infection
  • Ischemia/Infarction
  • Iatrogenic (glucocorticoids)
  • Intoxication
  • Insulin missed
  • Initial presentation
  • Intra-abdominal process (e.g pancreatitis, cholecystitis)
  • Intraoperative/perioperative stress
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