“Rheumatic fever (RF) is an inflammatory disease that can involve the heart, joints, skin, and brain. The disease typically develops two to four weeks after a streptococcal throat infection.”
Duckett-Jones Diagnostic Criteria: “The revised Jones criteria are guidelines decided on by the American Heart Association to help doctors diagnose rheumatic fever.
“CASES” is the Mnemonic.
Carditis – tachycardia, murmurs (mitral/aortic regurgitation), pericardial rub.
Arthritis – migratory flitting polyarthritis, usually larger joints.
Subcutaneous nodules – small, painless, mobile nodules on extensor surfaces.
“FRAPP” is the Mnemonic.
Arthralgia (unless arthritis is included in major criteria).
Prolonged PR interval (unless carditis included in major criteria).
Previous rheumatic fever.
Graphical presentation for easy remembering