What are the causes of pes cavus?

It may be unilateral or bilateral.

Cause of bilateral pes cavus:

Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease.
Friedreich’s ataxia.
Muscular dystrophies.
Spinal muscular atrophy.
Cerebral palsy.
Syringomyelia.
Hereditary spastic paraparesis.
Spinal cord tumour.

Cause of unilateral pes cavus:

Old poliomyelitis.
Spinal trauma.
Spinal cord tumour.
Mal-union of calcaneus or talus fracture.

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