Causes of Clubbing

Mnemonic: “CLUBBING”

C: Cyanotic heart disease
L: Lung disease (hypoxia, lung cancer, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis)
U: UC/Crohn’s disease
B: Biliary cirrhosis
B: Birth defect (harmless)
I: Infective endocarditis
N: Neoplasm (esp. Hodgkins)
G: GI malabsorption

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